Isaiah 52: 3-5.
3 For thus saith the Lord, Ye have sold yourselves for nought; and ye shall be redeemed without money.
4 For thus saith the Lord God, My people went down aforetime into Egypt to sojourn there; and the Assyrian oppressed them without cause.
5 Now therefore, what have I here, saith the Lord, that My people is taken away for nought? they that rule over them make them to howl, saith the Lord; and My Name continually every day is blasphemed.
The time has come for God to redeem His people. In verse 3, He refers to the earliest captivity, the captivity in Egypt. They were not taken into captivity there; they went to Egypt voluntarily to find food during a time of famine. Once they got there, though, they became comfortable and chose not to leave, and eventually their numbers grew to the point that the Egyptians began to worry that this tribe of Jacob would take over their land. So the Egyptians enslaved them, even creating a law whereby all Hebrew baby boys were to be killed at birth.
No one bought Israel to enslave them in Egypt; and no money is going to be paid to redeem them when Messiah sets them free.
Still describing the Egyptian captivity, God includes the Assyrians in the misery that Israel experienced. This is a proof that the new king of Egypt, who didn’t know Joseph, was the king of Assyria who had conquered the land (v.4; Acts 7:18).
The Assyrians, noted in history for their cruelty to those they conquered, are said in verse 5 to have “made them to howl.” The suffering of the people was very great, But the worst thing of all, God said, was that His Name was blasphemed every single day (quoted in Romans 2:24, in which Paul accuses God’s people that the Gentiles blaspheme His Name through the idolatry of His people.)
God’s very nature and character and power as represented by His Name will be revealed to them in the day of their redemption
The sin of blasphemy is dealt with in several New Testament scriptures: Matt. 12:30-32; Mark 2:28-30; Luke 12:8-10 and others. Blasphemy, simply stated, is to assign the power of the Holy Spirit to Satan.
In Matthew 12:24, the Pharisees say, “This fellow doth not cast out devils but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils.”
In the next few verses, Jesus sternly took them to task for their blasphemy. In Matt. 12: 31-32, Jesus states very clearly that the sin of speaking against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven. This is serious business. We who claim to believe in the Lord Jesus Christ as the Son of God need to clean up our language in reference to Him, because they are One: God the Father, God the Son, God the Holy Spirit. Never let it be said by anyone that their blasphemy was just a repetition of what God’s people have said.