And there were set there six waterpots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins apiece.
Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim.
And He saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the governor of the feast. And they bare it.
The typical Jewish household had water pots that were set aside for purposes of ritual cleansing. The ones in this incident had a capacity of 20-30 gallons apiece.
I think it is interesting that Jesus used the most practical of means to accomplish this miracle. The water pots were there. I suppose He could have simply waved his hand over whatever had held the wine before, and had apparently not been sufficient. But He used what was at hand, and did so without any fanfare. No bells and whistles. Just get the job done.
So He instructed the servants to fill the pots with water, up to the brim. I don’t know where they got all that water. Perhaps the household had a well, or a cistern. In any case, it didn’t seem to be a problem for them to find that much water.
It is also notable that He involved the servants in this miracle. They must have wondered what He had in mind, but they obeyed Him, apparently without question. They filled the water pots to the brim. They didn’t show doubt or disrespect by filling them only partially. They went the whole distance.
I believe that not only the host of this celebration was blessed that day; so were his servants, who had simply followed the commands of Jesus and thereby became a part of the blessing.
He could have filled the pots with wine Himself. He could have done so without any human assistance. That isn’t how He worked, though. Not then, and not today. He has chosen to use us in His work, thereby sharing the blessing with the workers as well as those who benefit from the work. Never turn away from an opportunity to do something for Him. You will lose the blessing if you do.
The governor, or master of the feast, was an important figure. He was sometimes appointed from among the prominent guests, or was a relative or close friend of the host. It was his job to supervise all the arrangements; to make sure everyone was well-served, and to taste the wine before it was offered to the guests.
Jesus told the servants to dip into the water pots and take it to the governor of the feast. I wonder what those servants were thinking. They knew they had put water in those pots. But, remarkably, they obeyed Him, just as Mary had told them. They took some kind of vessel filled from the contents of one of the pots and offered it to the governor of the feast.