9 For My Name’s sake will I defer Mine anger, and for My praise will I refrain for thee, that I cut thee not off.
10 Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.
11 For Mine own sake, even for mine own sake, will I do it: for how should My Name be polluted? and I will not give My glory unto another.
I wish I could take the time here to offer you all the differing translations of this passage. They all mean the same thing, but sometimes the wording is different and changes one’s perspective a bit.
What God is saying is that the only reason He is allowing Israel to survive, and not to be completely destroyed, is for His own sake. He says He has refined Israel, but has not found silver; He has tried them in the furnace of affliction, and chosen them in spite of their failures.
Verse 11 wraps it up neatly. God is allowing Israel to survive for His own sake; for the glory of His Name, so that no false god gets the praise.
We can read, all through the Bible, of the times God preserved Israel in spite of their unbelief and disobedience. But that’s ancient history, right. Yes it is, but that makes it no more relevant to this passage.
Word War II may seem like ancient history to some, but most of us have relatives for whom it was a stark reality. Hitler made every effort to annihilate the Jews, but in spite of his best efforts, they survived and even returned to Israel and, with much bloodshed and resistance, established Israel as a nation for the first time since Rome leveled Jerusalem in a.d.70. God continues to protect Israel from its enemies, and they are legion.
He will not give His glory to anyone else.