Isaiah 45:1-3. “Thus saith the Lord to His anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him: and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates: and the gates shall not be shut; I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight: I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron: And I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, that thou mayest know that I, the Lord, which call thee by thy name, am the God of Israel.”
God’s Anointed: Cyrus was to be used by God as His shepherd in permitting the Jews to go back to their own land to restore their nation, and rebuild their temple and cities. God would hold Cyrus’ right hand; that is, He would be the strength that would give Cyrus great victories.
Subdue Nations: Cyrus defeated Cilicia, Syria, Paphlagonia, Cappadocia, Phrygia, Lydia, Caria, Phenicia, Arabia, Babylon, Assyria, Bactria, Saca, and Maryandines. His empire was huge. He was the ruler of much of the known world in his day.
Loose the loins of kings: At this time in history, men dressed in large, loose, flowing robes thrown over an under-garment or tunic, which was shaped to the body. This outer robe was girded with a sash when the people worked, went to war, or ran. Hence, to gird up the loins meant getting ready for action. To unloose the loins meant rest, cessation from war, or feebleness. Here, it meant that God would weaken the resistance of kings before Cyrus so they would be easily overthrown.
Two leaved gates: Predicting and mentioning the material which gates would be made of, 200 years before the prophecy was fulfilled, only magnifies the infinite power and knowledge of God. Herodotus tells us that the gates of the inner walls of Babylon leading to the river were of brass, and that there were 100 such gates in the outer walls. This would be 25 gates on each side of the city. The brass gates of Babylon were locked with bars of iron. Even great iron plates covered them in some places. God’s help to Cyrus was recognized by him as well as by all pagans who saw the great success of his arms. Cyrus acknowledged that God had given him all the kingdoms of earth (Ezra 1:2).
The treasures of darkness: It was the custom for conquerors to hide treasures taken in battle, and not to use them except in cases of necessity. In Babylon there were many spoils of war, and great riches laid up by the kings who had plundered many nations–Egypt, Assyria, Judea, and others. The gold and silver Cyrus took in his conquests, not counting the jewels, gold and silver vessels, and other precious things, amounted to $353,427,200.00, according to the historian Pliny.
I call thee by thy name: Again, God called attention to the fact that only a Divine Being could foretell the name of the man who would fulfill this prophecy 200 years after it was predicted.