Isaiah 43:1.”But now thus saith the Lord that created thee, O Jacob, and He that formed thee, O Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed thee, I have called thee by thy name: thou art Mine.”
This verse is the beginning of a passage I have love for many years. It is tender, reassuring, beautifully promising Israel that even though she is about to go through a period of chastisement, God has not forgotten her. He loves Israel. Israel belongs to Him.
These verses (1-7) are not yet fulfilled. They speak of the end times, and especially the Millennial Reign of Messiah.
The terms Israel and Jacob are used of all 12 tribes in this chapter. The two tribes of Judah and the ten tribes of Israel are all included.
The word redeem means to ransom with a price in other places in scripture. Here, though, it refers to deliverance from bondage without a ransom price. Deliverance from Egyptian bondage is called redemption (Ex. 6:5; 15:13). Where a specific price is paid, the idea of redemption also includes deliverance from danger, oppression, and captivity. So, when God gave Egypt, Ethiopia, and Seba as a ransom for Israel it means that His people were delivered from destruction, and these other countries were destroyed instead. The idea is that either Israel or these countries would perish; so God chose to save Israel and destroy them–they stood instead of Israel for a ransom. this applies more particularly to the future when Israel will be preserved from the Antichrist and these countries will be subdued and taken over by him (v. 3-4; Ezek. 38:5-7; Dan 11:40-45; Matt. 24:15-22; Rev. 12:6, 14).