We’re about to start a chapter that most of you are at least a little familiar with. I thought it might be helpful to put it in its proper historical setting so you can see the close ties Chapter Six has to the woes pronounced in Chapter Five.
The miserable spiritual condition of Judah and Jerusalem existed in the year that King Uzziah died, which was 740/739 b.c. He had been stricken with leprosy fifteen years before that, for disobeying God. His son, Jotham, took over his father’s duties at that time.
Rome was founded in 753 b.c., just a few years before Uzziah died. Rome would grow in power, hundreds of years later, to bring about the final destruction of Jerusalem.
Isaiah had this incredible vision of God’s holiness in a jubilee year, which began on the evening of the Day of Atonement–that was the fourteenth jubilee since Israel occupied Canaan. Isaiah’s vision is in stark contrast to the nation’s shame. The glory was about to depart from the earthly Temple in Jerusalem, and has never yet returned.
Jubilee years: Wikipedia has a pretty good explanation of what a jubilee year was:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jubilee_(biblical). The biblical establishment of Jubilee is in Leviticus 25.
All right. On Monday, then, we’ll take our first look at this important vision that was given to Isaiah.